During this period, the sector was
characterised by ad-hoc, localised developments with no standardisation or
coordination either within or between platforms. Over this eight-year period
four isolated platforms emerged.
Following the US-led invasion of Afghanistan, the idea for an NGO safety platform arises amongst the members of Interaction. The International Rescue Committee (IRC) volunteered to host the project and the Afghanistan NGO Safety Office (ANSO) started in October.
SPAS (later NGO Safety Project, or NSP) is formed by NGOs operating in Somalia (hosted by CARE and later transferred to DRC and then INSO).
International Rescue Committee (IRC) withdraws from hosting ANSO and transfers the programme to Welthungerhilfe. Nic Lee, future founder of INSO, is hired as the first project Director and extensive reorganisation commences.
The Gaza NGO Safety Office (GANSO) is formed by NGOs operating in Gaza Strip (hosted by CARE) and later transfers to INSO (2015)
ANSO puts forward the suggestion to establish itself as an independent NGO which is welcomed by Welthungerhilfe, donors and beneficiaries. The concept of INSO is formed as global hub through which platforms can connect.
In Pakistan, NGOs come together to form the Pakistan Humanitarian Forum (PHF) which includes PAKSAFE (hosted by the PHF with rotational chair)
During this period the sector is
experiencing organised and sustainable international expansion with significant
cross-platform coordination and development of sector best practices. To date, INSO has created eight additional platforms while integrating management of three existing ones.
The International NGO Safety Organisation (INSO) is formed on January 18th in the United Kingdom and takes over management of ANSO from Welthungerhilfe on July 1st, changing the name to INSO Afghanistan (1). The formation of INSO is widely welcomed across the humanitarian world. INSO indicates that it is ready to respond to NGO requests.
In spring, ISAO is formed by NGO in Yemen (hosted by CARE)
INSO starts receiving requests for new platforms from NGOs:
INSO Democratic Republic of Congo (2) (DRC) starts in May
INSO Kenya (3) starts in November
INSO continues to respond to NGO requests:
INSO initiates efforts to register in southern Turkey for the Syria response and conducts separate scoping mission in Jordan
INSO Mali (4) starts in July
INSO awarded DFID funding under title 'Building Global Capacity in Humanitarian Safety' for the purpose of scaling international capability:
February: INSO establishes global Emergency Response Operations capability.
INSO Syria (5) starts in April
INSO becomes registered USAID/OFDA partner
INSO Central African Republic (6) starts in July
INSO Iraq (7) starts in November
INSO is awarded ECHO FPA status and the Netherlands MINBUZA joins as co-funder of Phase 2 of 'Building Global Capacity in Humanitarian Safety'.
NGO Safety Project for Somalia (NSP) is transferred to INSO in April to become INSO Somalia (8)
INSO Ukraine (9) starts in June.
GANSO in Gaza transfers to become INSO Palestine (10) in October.
INSO Nigeria start in April (11).
INSO Syria establishes regional presence in Lebanon and Jordan.
The ISAO platform (CARE) in Yemen is discontinued.
INSO establishes an Operational Support Office in Dubai, UAE.
German Humanitarian Assistance joins DfID and MINBUZA to support INSO's development.
INSO Nigeria expand to provide a comprehensive Lake Chad Basin regional response.
INSO South Sudan in launched (Jan 01) following calls from NGOs.
INSO launches its first integrated global reporting products.