Palestine

Context analysis

Gaza has been in a continued state of low-level conflict with Israel since the latter’s disengagement in 2005, with frequent instances of civil unrest and violent exchanges, interspersed by periods of escalated conflict in 2006, 2008-9, 2012, and 2014. Combined with an ongoing land, air, and naval blockade, the 1.8 million Gaza residents—of whom approx. 1.3 million are registered as refugees—are faced with one of the major humanitarian crises of our time. Following the 2014 conflict, for example, more than 12,000 civilian dwellings were completely destroyed or severely damaged, resulting in the internal displacement of nearly 110,000 individuals, and restrictions imposed on an already complicated reconstruction mechanism has hampered reconstruction efforts to date. As a result of the blockade, Gaza is affected by critical shortages in water, food items, medical supplies, and limited educational and employment opportunities—a situation that is further exacerbated by a complicated and—at times—tense political environment in Gaza and greater Palestine.

OPERATIONAL SINCE
2015

INSO FACTS & FIGURES

7
STAFF
85
NGO
MEMBERS
2.3M
PEOPLE IN NEED
(OCHA)

Gross Incident Rate

Jan to Dec 2016

The Gross Incident Rate (GIR) consists of all security incidents recorded and reported by INSO in this country for the stated period with no disaggregation or exclusion. It includes conflict and criminal related incidents; serious (i.e. bombings) and non-serious events (i.e. demonstrations); and both security improving (i.e. arrests/seizures) and security-deteriorating incidents (i.e. attacks). The Gross Incident Rate is valuable in providing a snapshot of the overall level of volatility in the country.  It is not valuable in assessing the specific risk to NGOs and/or whether a situation is becoming better or worse as changes in the GIR may be caused by both positive (more arrests) or negative (more attacks) trends.
TOTAL
Jan to Dec 2016
Total incidents recorded in Palestine this year to date. Updated monthly.



1894
INCIDENTS
PER MONTH
Jan to Dec 2016
Total incidents per month for the current year to date. Updated monthly.


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AUTHOR
Jan to Dec 2016
Percentage of incidents by author*
(conflict / criminal). Updated monthly.


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NGO INCIDENT Rate

Jan to Dec 2016

The NGO Incident Rate (NIR) comprises a gross count of all incidents that involved an NGO in this country for the stated time period. It includes both criminal and conflict related events; serious (i.e. killings/abductions) and non-serious (i.e. threats, petty robbery) incidents; and occurrences of both direct, indirect and/or accidental/collateral involvement. The NIR is valuable in evaluating NGO general exposure to ambient insecurity in this country and whether there is a negative or positive directional trend over time. Where the NIR shows no clear pattern over time, specific NGO targeting is assumed not to be present however it is important to remember that rate changes are also affected by per-capita density and NGO mobility. Neither INSO nor any other entity we are aware of has meaningful data on these two components, meaning that numbers should be taken as gross indicators only.
TOTAL
Jan to Dec 2016
Total NGO incidents in Palestine this year to date. Updated monthly.



7
NGO INCIDENTS
PER MONTH
Jan to Dec 2016
Total NGO incidents per month for the current year to date. Updated monthly.


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TYPE
Jan to Dec 2016
Percentage of incidents by type* (SAF, IED, intimidation etc). Updated monthly.


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NGO Fatality Rate

Jan to Dec 2016

The NGO Fatality Rate (NFR) comprises a total count of all NGO workers that have been killed or died in this country for the stated period. The count includes the national and international staff of NGOs and the Red Cross organisations only and does not include the staff of the United Nations unless otherwise stated. The count includes both criminal and conflict related causes; targeted and accidental deaths and all types of weapons/tactics. The NGO Fatality Rate works with the NIR and is valuable in determining the likelihood of this most serious result and whether there is a negative or positive directional trend over time. Where there is no clear upwards trend in NGO deaths, we assess that systematic targeting of NGOs does not exist and that deaths rather occur as a result of exposure to ambient insecurity albeit with occasional targeted events.
TOTAL
Jan to Dec 2016
Total NGO fatalities in Palestine this year to date. Updated monthly.



0
NGO FATALITIES
PER MONTH
Jan to Dec 2016
Total NGO fatalities per month for the current year to date. Updated monthly.


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NATIONALITY
Jan to Dec 2016
Percentage of national and international NGO staff fatalities. Updated monthly.


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0
NO DATA

NGO Injury Rate

Jan to Dec 2016

The NGO Injury Rate comprises a total count of all NGO workers that have been injured in this country for the stated period. The count includes the national and international staff of NGOs and the Red Cross Red Crescent Movement only and does not include the staff of the United Nations unless otherwise stated. The count includes both accidental and deliberate causes. In the case where an individual subsequently dies from their injuries, they have been removed from this count and added to the NFR.
Total
Jan to Dec 2016
Total NGO injuries in Palestine this year to date. Updated monthly.



0
NGO INJURIES
PER MONTH
Jan to Dec 2016
Total NGO injuries per month for the current year to date. Updated monthly.


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NATIONALITY
Jan to Dec 2016
Percentage of national and international NGO staff injuries. Updated monthly.


Roll mouse over chart for exact percentages.

0
NO DATA

NGO Abduction Rate

Jan to Dec 2016

The NGO Abduction Rate comprises a total count of all NGO workers that have been abducted in this country for the stated period. The count includes the national and international staff of NGOs and the Red Cross Red Crescent Movement only and does not include the staff of the United Nations unless otherwise stated. For this purpose "abduction" includes all cases of NGO workers being taken against their will and unlawfully for any purpose and for any duration. Some abductions turn in to kidnapping (where political or criminal demands are made) and some in to detentions (where the victim is released without demand).
Total
Jan to Dec 2016
Total NGO abductions in Palestine this year to date. Updated monthly.



0
NGO ABDUCTIONS
PER MONTH
Jan to Dec 2016
Total NGO abductions per month for the current year to date. Updated monthly.


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NATIONALITY
Jan to Dec 2016
Percentage of national and international NGO staff abductions. Updated monthly.


Roll mouse over chart for exact percentages.

0
NO DATA
ALERTS SENT
262
REPORTS SENT
33
NGO ROUNDTABLES HOSTED
5
ORIENTATION BRIEFING
12

Key Risks & Mitigation Measures

Risk

Escalation of conflict: With four such instances over the past decade, the persistent low-level conflict can quickly escalate with little warning.

Risk

Civil unrest: While the vast majority of protests in Gaza are peaceful, violent escalations routinely occur in areas along the Green Line and access points, which can sometimes feature lethal fire.

Risk

Misinterpretations of NGO programmes or profile: While confrontations with NGOs or International Organisations (IOs) have been rare, it remains possible that an isolated event (within Gaza or outside) may lead to a deterioration in public perception, a demonstration, or a confrontation.

Mitigation

NGOs are advised to develop robust safety plans (and associated contingency plans) at the Gaza, Jerusalem/Ramallah, and regional/global levels, addressing all aspects of operations and programme delivery, and to ensure that support mechanisms have been developed (with redundancies) and practiced, from the project level to the global level. Such plans should also focus on identifying potential indicators that can trigger adjustments to operations, enabling programme continuity in a safe and secure manner.

Mitigation

NGOs transiting through access points or operating within 1km of the Green Line should continually monitor events along the Green Line via INSO, local media, and community leaders, and ensure that project sites and staff members have been trained to adjust operations and reduce risk as necessary.

Mitigation

NGOs are advised to maintain an awareness of local perceptions and public opinion regarding the broader humanitarian and development community. NGO programming objectives should be actively communicated to all stakeholders with a focus on neutrality and community acceptance. Moreover, all staff members—particularly those who may potentially engage with beneficiaries or other local communities, such as drivers, guards, and other project staff—should be well-versed in the organisation’s mandate, principles, and project goals.

Risk

Escalation of conflict: With four such instances over the past decade, the persistent low-level conflict can quickly escalate with little warning.

Mitigation

NGOs are advised to develop robust safety plans (and associated contingency plans) at the Gaza, Jerusalem/Ramallah, and regional/global levels, addressing all aspects of operations and programme delivery, and to ensure that support mechanisms have been developed (with redundancies) and practiced, from the project level to the global level. Such plans should also focus on identifying potential indicators that can trigger adjustments to operations, enabling programme continuity in a safe and secure manner.


Risk

Civil unrest: While the vast majority of protests in Gaza are peaceful, violent escalations routinely occur in areas along the Green Line and access points, which can sometimes feature lethal fire.

Mitigation

NGOs transiting through access points or operating within 1km of the Green Line should continually monitor events along the Green Line via INSO, local media, and community leaders, and ensure that project sites and staff members have been trained to adjust operations and reduce risk as necessary.


Risk

Misinterpretations of NGO programmes or profile: While confrontations with NGOs or International Organisations (IOs) have been rare, it remains possible that an isolated event (within Gaza or outside) may lead to a deterioration in public perception, a demonstration, or a confrontation.

Mitigation

NGOs are advised to maintain an awareness of local perceptions and public opinion regarding the broader humanitarian and development community. NGO programming objectives should be actively communicated to all stakeholders with a focus on neutrality and community acceptance. Moreover, all staff members—particularly those who may potentially engage with beneficiaries or other local communities, such as drivers, guards, and other project staff—should be well-versed in the organisation’s mandate, principles, and project goals.