Democratic Republic of the Congo

Context analysis

DRC's eastern provinces of North and South Kivu remain mired in crisis. Throughout the year 2014, military operations to track several of the most notorious armed groups by the national army and the Intervention Brigade of the UN mission continued. The national army concurrently tried to encourage the voluntary disarmament of the armed group’s effectives. These operations are likely to continue in 2015 especially against FDLR, ADF Nalu and FNL.  Due to intermittent fighting the affected areas have become less accessible to humanitarian organisations, yet these are the areas where the needs are greatest. The military operations are causing short and mid-term displacement of population.  Across the wider Kivus, violence and criminality - whether at the hands of feuding Mai Mai groups, government soldiers or common criminals taking advantage of the lack of law enforcement - remain widespread. NGOs are most affected by criminality in urban areas where criminal activity is rampant.

OPERATIONAL SINCE
2012

INSO FACTS & FIGURES

30
STAFF
103
NGO
MEMBERS
6.9 M
People IN NEED
(OCHA)

Gross Incident Rate

Jan to Apr 2017

The Gross Incident Rate (GIR) consists of all security incidents recorded and reported by INSO in this country for the stated period with no disaggregation or exclusion. It includes conflict and criminal related incidents; serious (i.e. bombings) and non-serious events (i.e. demonstrations); and both security improving (i.e. arrests/seizures) and security-deteriorating incidents (i.e. attacks). The Gross Incident Rate is valuable in providing a snapshot of the overall level of volatility in the country.  It is not valuable in assessing the specific risk to NGOs and/or whether a situation is becoming better or worse as changes in the GIR may be caused by both positive (more arrests) or negative (more attacks) trends.
TOTAL
Jan to Apr 2017
Total incidents in DRC this year to date. Updated monthly.




2595
INCIDENTS
PER MONTH
Jan to Apr 2017
Total incidents per month for the current year to date. Updated monthly.


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AUTHOR
Jan to Apr 2017
Percentage of incidents by author* 
(conflict / criminal). Updated monthly.


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NGO INCIDENT Rate

Jan to Apr 2017

The NGO Incident Rate (NIR) comprises a gross count of all incidents that involved an NGO in this country for the stated time period. It includes both criminal and conflict related events; serious (i.e. killings/abductions) and non-serious (i.e. threats, petty robbery) incidents; and occurrences of both direct, indirect and/or accidental/collateral involvement. The NIR is valuable in evaluating NGO general exposure to ambient insecurity in this country and whether there is a negative or positive directional trend over time. Where the NIR shows no clear pattern over time, specific NGO targeting is assumed not to be present however it is important to remember that rate changes are also affected by per-capita density and NGO mobility. Neither INSO nor any other entity we are aware of has meaningful data on these two components, meaning that numbers should be taken as gross indicators only.  

Total
Jan to Apr 2017
Total NGO incidents in DRC this year to date. Updated monthly.




45
NGO INCIDENTS
PER MONTH
Jan to Apr 2017
Total NGO incidents per month for the current year to date. Updated monthly.


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Type
Jan to Apr 2017
Percentage of incidents by type* (SAF, IED, intimidation etc). Updated monthly.


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NGO Fatality Rate

Jan to Apr 2017

The NGO Fatality Rate (NFR) comprises a total count of all NGO workers that have been killed or died in this country for the stated period. The count includes the national and international staff of NGOs and the Red Cross organisations only and does not include the staff of the United Nations unless otherwise stated. The count includes both criminal and conflict related causes; targeted and accidental deaths and all types of weapons/tactics. The NGO Fatality Rate works with the NIR and is valuable in determining the likelihood of this most serious result and whether there is a negative or positive directional trend over time. Where there is no clear upwards trend in NGO deaths, we assess that systematic targeting of NGOs does not exist and that deaths rather occur as a result of exposure to ambient insecurity albeit with occasional targeted events.

Total
Jan to Apr 2017

Total NGO fatalities in DRC this year to date. Updated monthly.




0
NGO FATALITIES
PER MONTH
Jan to Apr 2017

Total NGO fatalities per month for the current year to date. Updated monthly.


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Nationality
Jan to Apr 2017

Percentage of national and international NGO staff fatalities. Updated monthly.


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0
NO DATA

NGO Injury Rate

Jan to Apr 2017

The NGO Injury Rate comprises a total count of all NGO workers that have been injured in this country for the stated period. The count includes the national and international staff of NGOs and the Red Cross Red Crescent Movement only and does not include the staff of the United Nations unless otherwise stated. The count includes both accidental and deliberate causes. In the case where an individual subsequently dies from their injuries, they have been removed from this count and added to the NFR.

Total
Jan to Apr 2017
Total NGO injuries in DRC this year to date. Updated monthly.




5
NGO INJURIES
PER MONTH
Jan to Apr 2017
Total NGO injuries per month for the current year to date. Updated monthly.


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NATIONALITY
Jan to Apr 2017
Percentage of national and international NGO staff injuries. Updated monthly.


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NGO Abduction Rate

Jan to Apr 2017

The NGO Abduction Rate comprises a total count of all NGO workers that have been abducted in this country for the stated period. The count includes the national and international staff of NGOs and the Red Cross Red Crescent Movement only and does not include the staff of the United Nations unless otherwise stated. For this purpose "abduction" includes all cases of NGO workers being taken against their will and unlawfully for any purpose and for any duration. Some abductions turn in to kidnapping (where political or criminal demands are made) and some in to detentions (where the victim is released without demand).

Total
Jan to Apr 2017
Total NGO abductions in DRC this year to date. Updated monthly.




2
NGO ABDUCTIONS
PER MONTH
Jan to Apr 2017
Total NGO abductions per month for the current year to date. Updated monthly.


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NATIONALITY
Jan to Apr 2017
Percentage of national and international NGO staff abductions. Updated monthly.


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ALERTS SENT
88
REPORTS SENT
43
NGO ROUNDTABLES HOSTED
45
NEW STAFF ORIENTATIONS
7
INSO NGO Service Register: Jan to Apr 2017

Key Risks & Mitigation Measures

Risk

Criminal attacks on NGO compounds and national staff houses with the intention of robbery.

Risk

Road ambushes targeting NGO vehicles with the intention of robbery.

Risk

Verbal or written threats to individual NGO workers or to the NGO in general (intimidation).

Mitigation

Secure housing compounds with dissuasive measures for possible intrusions (e.g. high walls, guards, metal doors, strong locks etc.) Ensure that an emergency phone number is available to the household as well as for the security service company or the emergency intervention service of UNDSS, the police, etc.

Mitigation

Ensure that staff take basic precautions including varying movement times (especially if transporting large sums of money) and not communicating about or overtly displaying valuables. Brief all staff members to be aware of how to react during a road ambush or any other security incident in order to avoid aggression and violence.

Mitigation

It is imperative that NGOs maintain awareness of how they are perceived in the areas in which they work, live and travel and actively communicate the neutral nature of their programming to local actors. Establish and maintain good relations with local communities via community leaders (particularly to mitigate possible threats coming from the community).

Risk

Criminal attacks on NGO compounds and national staff houses with the intention of robbery.

Mitigation

Secure housing compounds with dissuasive measures for possible intrusions (e.g. high walls, guards, metal doors, strong locks etc.) Ensure that an emergency phone number is available to the household as well as for the security service company or the emergency intervention service of UNDSS, the police, etc.


Risk

Road ambushes targeting NGO vehicles with the intention of robbery.

Mitigation

Ensure that staff take basic precautions including varying movement times (especially if transporting large sums of money) and not communicating about or overtly displaying valuables. Brief all staff members to be aware of how to react during a road ambush or any other security incident in order to avoid aggression and violence.


Risk

Verbal or written threats to individual NGO workers or to the NGO in general (intimidation).

Mitigation

It is imperative that NGOs maintain awareness of how they are perceived in the areas in which they work, live and travel and actively communicate the neutral nature of their programming to local actors. Establish and maintain good relations with local communities via community leaders (particularly to mitigate possible threats coming from the community).